The Impact of Eye Contact on Recall During Virtual Presentations

The Impact of Eye Contact on Recall During Virtual Presentations

The study by Fullwood and Doherty-Sneddon (2006) explores how eye contact during virtual presentations affects the audience's ability to remember information.

Research Context

As virtual meetings become more common in professional and educational settings, understanding what makes them effective is crucial. Fullwood and Doherty-Sneddon investigated whether making eye contact during these presentations helps the audience remember more information.


  • Participants A group of participants watched virtual presentations under different conditions.
  • Experimental Design Participants were divided into two groups: the “Eye Contact Group”, where the presenter looked directly at the camera, simulating eye contact, and the “No Eye Contact Group”, where the presenter did not look at the camera.
  • Data Collection After the presentations, participants took a test to measure how much information they remembered.

Key Findings

  • Improved Recall Participants who perceived eye contact remembered 23% more information than those who did not.
  • Increased Engagement Those in the Eye Contact Group felt more engaged and attentive, which helped them remember more.
  • Stronger Connection Eye contact made participants feel a stronger connection with the presenter, making the virtual experience feel more personal and immediate.


  • Educational Settings Teachers should look directly at the camera during virtual lessons to help students stay engaged and remember more information. The use of webcams like the iContact Camera, which helps maintain consistent eye contact, can significantly improve students' learning outcomes by making online classes feel more interactive and personal.
  • Professional Presentations In business, maintaining eye contact during virtual presentations can help ensure the audience retains key messages, improving the effectiveness of pitches and meetings. The iContact Camera can assist presenters in maintaining eye contact, enhancing the impact of their presentations and ensuring that critical information is effectively communicated and remembered by the audience.
  • Technology Design Virtual communication platforms can incorporate features to help presenters maintain eye contact, like camera alignment tools. The iContact Camera is an example of such technology, designed to help presenters keep their eyes aligned with the camera, thereby simulating direct eye contact with their audience. This feature is not only useful for presenters, but can be helpful for anyone who wants to improve the overall effectiveness of video calls.
Fullwood and Doherty-Sneddon's study shows that eye contact during virtual presentations significantly improves information recall. By making the virtual interaction feel more like a face-to-face conversation, eye contact helps the audience stay engaged and remember more. Educators and professionals alike can use these insights to enhance the effectiveness of their online meetings.

Fullwood, C., & Doherty-Sneddon, G. (2006). Effect of gazing at a video link on recall.